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Απαγόρευση αντηλιακών στη Χαβάη

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Η Χαβάη πρόκειται να γίνει η πρώτη χώρα που θα απαγορεύσει την πώληση αντηλιακών που περιέχουν χημικές ουσίες που θεωρούνται επιβλαβείς για το περιβάλλον.

Οι νομοθέτες του κράτους ψήφισαν ένα νομοσχέδιο την Τρίτη που απαγορεύει την πώληση και τη διανομή αντιηλιακών αντιηλιακών που περιέχουν οξυβενζόνη ή οκτινοξικό άλας, δύο χημικές ουσίες που έχουν βρεθεί ότι «προκαλούν γενετική βλάβη σε κοράλλιακαι άλλους θαλάσσιους οργανισμούς»


"Αυτές οι χημικές ουσίες έχουν επίσης αποδειχθεί ότι υποβαθμίζουν την ανθεκτικότητα των κοραλλιών και την ικανότητα προσαρμογής τους στους παράγοντες της κλιματικής αλλαγής και εμποδίζουν την πρόσληψη νέων κοραλλιών", αναφέρει το νομοσχέδιο.
Η μόλυνση είναι "ανανεώνεται συνεχώς και ανανεώνεται καθημερινά" από τους κολυμβητές και τους beachgoers, σύμφωνα με το νομοσχέδιο. Ένας επιστημονικός φάκελος των 2015 αναφέρει μέχρι και 14.000 τόνους αντηλιακών που απελευθερώνεται κάθε χρόνο σε κοραλλιογενείς υφάλους.


Hawaii set to ban sunscreens harmful to coral reefs

Christopher Brito
HONOLULU, HI - JANUARY 15: Fish pass over a coral reef at Hanauma Bay on January 15, 2005 in Honolulu, Hawaii. Many coral reefs are dying from water pollution (from sewage and agricultural runoff), dredging off the coast, careless collecting of coral specimens, and sedimentation.: Coral Reefs In Danger


Hawaii is set to become the first state to ban the sale of sunscreens containing chemicals believed to be harmful to the environment. State lawmakers passed a bill Tuesday that prohibits the sale and distribution of over-the-counter sunscreens containing oxybenzone or octinoxate, two chemicals that have been found to "cause genetic damage to coral and other marine organisms."

"These chemicals have also been shown to degrade corals' resiliency and ability to adjust to climate change factors and inhibit recruitment of new corals," the bill reads.

The contamination is "constantly refreshed and renewed everyday" by swimmers and beachgoers, according to the bill. A 2015 scientific paper reports up to 14,000 tons of sunscreen gets released into coral reefs each year.

It's not just happening in Hawaii. Coral reefs are dying off around the world. Scientists say it's mostly due to rising ocean temperatures, but new evidence suggests certain types of sunscreens are making it even worse in popular tourist areas.

Some cancer experts expressed concern, however, that the ban on certain sunscreens could put people at greater risk of skin cancer. They question the science and worry people will be discouraged from using sunscreen since many environmentally-friendly alternatives cost significantly more.

"Right now the cost of these so-called reef friendly products ranges any where from two times to six to eight times more than what's on most of the shelves now," said Karen Glanz of the University of Hawaii Cancer Center told CBS affiliate KGMB-TV

The bill is expected to be approved by Hawaii's governor, but it still needs to go through a legal review. It would go into effect January 2021, KGMB-TV reports.

Hawaii considers ban on certain sunscreens to protect coral reefs


Red on this map shows dead or dying coral reefs. August 17, 2017.© Provided by CBS Interactive Inc. Red on this map shows dead or dying coral reefs. August 17, 2017.



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